There are two popular believes associated with the naming of Syangja district.
i) The term Syangja is derived from the word-“Sinja”. Sinja is a word found in Magar dialect and the fact that this place lies in Magarat Zone supports the argument. Sinja is actually the Surname of Ethnic Tribes Called Magars. Thus since the place was habitat of Sinja people the whole place became popular as Sinja and in course of time the word Sinja got distorted into Syangja.
ii) A great flood from Aandhikhola River once engulfed the place. Seeing the people in trauma, one old man prayed to the god chanting “Sainyaa Jaa” and the river returned to normal state. People named the place –“Sainyaa Jaa” to commemorate the contribution of that old man which later changed to the term “Syangja”.
Vrigutum which lies in ChandiVanjyaang VDC of Syangja is believed to be the place where Bhrigu Rishi had practiced penance.
Syangjais a district lying in Gandaki Zone of Western Development region. Syangja is its District HeadQuarter. It lies at an altitude of about 1088m above sea level in 28º4’60 North latitude and 83°52’0 East longitude. Siddhartha Highway links Bhairahawa with Pokhara through Syangja. Syangja is also notable for being the first district of Nepal to implement the concept of Homestay for promoting the village tourism.
Syangja is extended in an area of 1164 sq.km. where total317320people dwell in 64746 Houses with an Average HouseHold Size of 4.90. Total 143619Male and 173701female lives in Syangja with population density of 273person per sq.km.
Types of Houses:-
Out of 64746 Houses,32680 Houses are Pakki, 24272 Houses are semi- Pakki , 7679 Houses are Kachchi while115 are of other types. Similarly, 58537 Houses are used for private purpose, 4806 houses are rented, 1292 houses are institutional types of houses while20 houses are rent- free and91 houses fall under other category.
27057 Houses use electricity, 34702 Houses use Kerosene, 127use Biogas and 344 of them use other fuels while 669 Houses are not stated in types of fuels they use for lightning purpose.
In terms of sanitation, 18432 Houses are equipped with Modern Flush System of toilet, 16957 Hoses have ordinary toilets while 26538 Houses have no toilets at all and 970 Houses are not stated.
9579 Houses have economic activities while55167 Houses are not involved in economic activities. Of the9579 houses who are involved in economic activities, 432 houses are engaged in Manufacturing products, 3498 Houses are busy with Trade,161 Houses deal with Transport while4284 Houses render their life in services and 1204 Houses follow other activities to earn their livelihood.
Hinduism is the main religion here as the data shows: there are273107 Hindu, 39563Buddhists, 1835Muslims, 10Kirats,25Jains,211 Christians, 473Sikhs; 10Bahais while2086 people follow other religions.
Literacy status of people of 6years and above:-
Out of total 270299 people, 19055 Males and 54935 Females cannot read and write,7336 Males and8147Females can read only, 93056Males and86210Females can read and write while414 Males and1147Females are not stated.
According to Survey done in 2008, there are 614 primary schools with 2797primary school teachers where56848 students study at primary level. Likewise 27382students are taught by804 lower secondary teachers at201lower secondary school.555secondary teachers teach to14834 secondary level students at 130secondary schools.
i) Andhi Khola: Origin of this river has been associated with the mythical character Shrawan Kumar who is mentioned in Ramayan. Shrawan Kumar was a very ideal son whose sole purpose in life was to fulfill every desire of his old and blind parents. Once the parent showed desire to have a holy pilgrimage and he set off for the journey carry his parents in a basket. His parent grew thirsty on the way and asked Shrawan to fetch water and he went to a nearby river. King Dasarath was searching for a game to hunt and hearing the sound, he thought it to be the sound coming from animal that had come to drink water; he shot an arrow for he was gifted with ability to strike accurately at the target without having to see it. But when he went near to collect the game, he realized his terrible mistake. The king went to blind parents of Shrawan and when they heard the news of death of their son, they cried so bitterly that a lake was formed and the stream flowed out which was named AndhiKhola( meaning BlindRiver).
ii) Rakta Taal: A lake named Rakta Taal is found in Syangja which is believed to have been formed out of Shrawan Kumar’s blood.
iii) Sirubari Village: Sirubari lies just 30 km far from Pokhara and is famous among tourists for implementing the concept of village tourism. Thus it provides the facility of homestay with clean rooms, toilet and fresh meals. A dance is performed each night to entertain the visitors. Majority of people living here are Gurungs. Sirubari can be reached through Syangja too as it lies four hours walking distance far from Syangja. Sirubari lies at an altitude of 1700m above sea level. One can even have a mountain view from a view point at Dahare Deurali whichlies at an altitude of 2300m just fewdistance above Sirubari Village.Traiditional Gurung dances like Ghatu dance and Chudka dance andsong called Raila is sung to amuse the visitors.
iv) Waling: Waling is believed to have derived its name from the term-“Wali” which is a popular song that is sung by women especially in the occasion of rice plantation. Waling looks enchanting especially during Rainy season when local people gets busy throughout the day in their paddy fields and amuse themselves with a Wali song.
v) BayarGhari: It is the largest Valley in Syangja.
vi) Mirmi: Mirmi is popular for housing the famous KaliGandaki’A’ Hydroelectricity power plant which is also the Nepal’s largest Hydropower electricity producer with its capacity to produce 144MW of electricity.
vii) ChhangChhangdi : ChhangChhangdi is yet another holy site of Syangja for this place has been mentioned in a sacred Hindu text Swasthani as the place where remnants of dead body of Satidevi– the female counterpart of Lord Shiva had fallen.
viii) Rajasthal: A king from Shah Dynasty named Jain Khan in about 1500 AD had made temporary settlement in this place for resting purpose. Actually he was planning to head for Lasargha where he would establish a new state. Lasargha could be reached by crossing Ridighat.Since the king had rested here; the place got its name Rajasthal.
How to reach:–
One can easily take a bus ride from New Buspark of Kathmandu to the headquarter Syangja.Waling lies about 260km far from Kathmandu and it takes about 8-10 hours of bus ride to reach to Waling of Syangja.