Swayambhunath

Introduction:-

One of the major Holy Sites of Buddhists, the place is believed to be visited by Buddha himself and is enlisted in World Heritage Site.500stone steps lead the way to the Chaitya where a pedestal gigantic thunderbolt (bajra) greets you.

Secret behind the name:-

In Newari dialect, ‘sie’ means ‘dead’ and ‘gunn’ means ‘hill’.Since the hill was used in burying the dead ones, the hill got its name-‘siegunn’and in course of time the term got distorted into‘swayamvu’.This fact that previously the hill was used in burying the dead ones is mentioned in an article of Father Jisep published in 1801A.D.

History:-

Historians believe the stupa to be as old as Kathmandu valley. It was immersed below water when the whole Kathmandu valley was a big lake. Then one day, Manjushree cut the gorge and drained water of the lake and there he found a lotus that was self-illuminated. Stupa was built around that lotus which became popular as Swayamvu (meaning the self emerged land).

Location:-

Situated six km to the west of the city centre and about seven km above the level of Kathmandu Valley lies one peaceful hill and atop the hill rests Swayamvunath Stupa.

Major Edifices:-

1 Swayamvu Stupa: The stupa is made up of a solid hemisphere of brick and clay supporting a grand conical spire with a gilded pinnacle at the top. The main feature of Stupa- white dome stands as a symbol of ‘purity of Nirvana’.A 13 tiered golden spire in the conical shape mounted on the dome representing 13 staircases to heavenly bliss-Nirvana and the canopy of burnished gold at a roof completes the stupa. Underneath the towering structure lies an all-seeing eyes of Buddha painted crimson, white and black on all four sides of Stupa. The stupa is surmounted by pieces of sacred clothes(toran). People believe there lies relic (asthadhatu) of Buddha inside the Chaitya.

2 Shantipur

3 Anantpur

4 AnandaKuti

5 Kindol Vihar

6 Harati temle: Harati is the guardian of childrens inhabiting in Kathmandu Valley.

7 Saraswoti temple:The amazing thing about this statue is that it is worshipped as Goddess Saraswoti (goddess of learning) by Hindu and the same statue is taken is worshipped as Manjushree by Buddhists-the perfect example of religious tolerance.

Major Attractions:-

1 Panoramic view of Eastern Himalayan Range

2 Picturesque scene of Kathmandu Valley (esp. at night)

Major Festival:-

Buddha Purnima: Also known as Baisakh Purnima since it falls on full moon day of Baisakh(April), Buddha Purnima is the major festival celebrated here.

How to Reach?:

Micro Buses are frequently available at Ratnapark  which takes to Swoyamvunath at a cost of NRs15 per person.

Entrance fee:-

For Nepali citizen, its free

For Saarc  Nationalists, its NRs75 per person

For rest of visitors, its NRs75 per person

One Response

  1. Greg Zhelvakov February 18, 2013

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