Parbat is a Sanskrit term for massive stones. The area was named thus as it was filled with numerous stones of various shapes and sizes.
Parbat is one of the states among 24 states known collectively as Chaubise Rajya which was extended upto Bhot in North, Gulmi and Galkot in South, Modi River in East and Jumla in West. Parbat was also known by a name- Malebam to honour its great king- Malebam. The famous palace in Beni built of oiled brick (1761B.S.) and Shivalaya( temple of Lord Shiva) built in Dobilla of Beni are among great artefacts built by Malebam. Beni used to be the capital of Malebam State.
Parbat is a district lying in Dhaulagiri Zone of Western Development Region. It currently shares its border with Kaski and Syangja in the East, Baglung and Myagdi in West, Myagdi in North and Syangja and Gulmi in South. It has Kusma as its District Headquarter.
Some Statistics (2001):-
Parbat is extended in an area of 494sq.km. where total157826people dwell in 32731 Houses with an Average HouseHold Size of 4.82. Total 72942Male and 84884female lives in Parbat with population density of 319persons per sq.km.
Types of Houses:-
Out of32731 Houses, 18854 Houses are Pakki9704Houses are semi- Pakki , 4026 Houses are Kachchi while147 are of other types. Similarly, 29289Houses are used for private purpose, 2184houses are rented, 1239 houses are institutional types of houses while17houses are rent- free and2houses fall under other category.
Fuel Consumption for cooking purpose:-
29731 Houses usewood, 1753Houses use Kerosene, 799 Houses use LP Gas,253 Houses use Biogas while196 Houses are not stated in types of fuels they use for cooking purpose.
In terms of sanitation, 6399Houses are equipped with Modern Flush System of toilet, 15546Hoses have ordinary toilets while 10451 Houses have no toilets at all and334 Houses are not stated.
5301 Houses have economic activities while 27430 Houses are not involved in economic activities. Of the 5301 houses who are involved in economic activities, 325houses are engaged in Manufacturing products,1708 Houses are busy with Trade,89Houses deal with Transport while 2244 Houses render their life in services and 935Houses follow other activities to earn their livelihood.
Hinduism is the main religion here as the data shows: there are138518Hindu, 18657Buddhists, 392Muslims, 15Kirats, 19 Jains, 108Christians, 48Sikhs, and 6Bahais while 63 people follow other religions.
Out of total 134604people who are six years and above of age,13585 Males and 32681 Females cannot read and write,5725 Males and5626 Females can read only, 41485Males and34992Females can read and write while169Males and340Females are not stated.
According to Survey done in 2008, there are358primary schools with 1619primary school teachers where33047students study at primary level. Likewise 12907students are taught by362lower secondary teachers at106lower secondary school.306secondary teachers teach to7218 secondary level students at 75secondary schools.
i) Dahere Deurali Temple: The temple is crowded with devotees especially during the day of BalaChaturdasi.
ii) Dahere Lek:It is named Dahere Lek for it holds a mountain shaped like an upturned funnel with a hole in it. Dahere Lek is also named as Nilkantha Parbat as it is worshipped in an image of Nilkantha (Lord Shiva with blue throat).One can hear the sound of coin descend to the very bottom if a coin is lowered down from the hole in the mountain.
iii) Gupteswor Cave: Also known as Bhaludulo, it is located at an altitude of 1294m above sea level and is one of the longest caves of Nepal. It is located 0.6 km far from Kusma and thus lies at fifteen minutes walking distance far from Kusma. There are images of many Hindu gods and goddesses like Lord Shiva with his female counterpart Parvati and Saraswati (The goddess of learning). Waterfall and presence of bats inside the cave enrich the beauty of this cave. People from far and wide visit this cave especially during Chaite Dashain and Shivaratri.
According to SrimadBhagawat( the holy script of Hindu), Gupteswor Cave was the place where Lord Krishna met with Jambawan( the Bear).
iv) Durlung:Durlung lies 260km west of Kathmandu at an altitude of 868m above sea level.
v) KusmaBazaar: Kusma is located 57 km far from Pokhara at an altitude of 1294 m above sea level. Kusma Bazaar is a Market area belonging to Kusma. Kusma once served as an important trade route in between Pokhara and Baglung. Suspension Bridge links Western Part of the Bazaar with Pipaltari VDC. Pokhara Baglung Highway connects Kusma with the National Road. The term- Kusma is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit term Kusum which means flower. It is said the land was christened as Kusum by a sage who was on the way to Muktinath when he saw the land covered with varieties of flowers. The word Kusum changed to Kusma in course of time.
vi) KatuwaChaupari: KatuwaChaupari is a plain area from where stunning visions of Mount Dhaulagiri and Machhapucchre (Fish Tail) mountain can clearly be viewed. It is rich in natural resources and is the home for Alape Cave, Patheswori Temple, Malami Dada and Pahare Pond, Soltee Pond and Chhahare Pond. Chinne River and Malangdi River are two ever flowing rivers of Katuwachaupari.
vii) Phalewas: Phalewas/phalebas is a village lying in Parbat District which has been divided into two villages namely KhaniGaon and Devisthan Villages. People from different races dwell in Phalewas who have adopted agriculture as a major source of living. It is chiefly a plain area and lies near to the KaliGandaki River. Thus one can even have a thrilling experience of rafting in KaliGandaki River from Phalewas.
viii) Modi Beni: It is famous for Narsingha temple and dishes of fish from Malayangdi and Modi Rivers. Since the place lies near to the confluence of two rivers- Madi River and Kali Gandaki River it was named Beni while the water tasted of Madhu( Sanskrit term of honey) so it was named Madhu. Later the name changed to ModiBeni from MadhuBeni.
ix) Patti Nadi: There lies a place called Dhairing Pang in SouthWest of Parbat which is believed to be the birthplace of Goddess Parvati. Since this river used to flow from the birth place of Goddess Parvati, it was named as Parvati Nadi which later changed into Patti Nadi.
How to Reach:
It is only two hours drive from Pokhara to reach to Kusma– the district headquarter of Parbat.