Nawalparasi is a district made up of two Areas namely Nawalpur Area which is seated extending from North-west and Parasi Area which is stretched from North West to Southwest. The district used to be known by the name- Palhi Majhkhanda before 2019B.S.
Nawalparasi is a district lying in Lumbini Zone of Western Development Region with Parasi as its district headquarter. It lies147km West of Kathmandu.
Three types of terrain are basically present in Nawalparasi namely- Terai( plain region), Pahaad( hilly region) and Bhitri Madhes region. It constitutes of 1 municipality named as Ramgram Municipality and 73 VDCs out of which 36 VDCs lie on Terai region while 17 VDCs are located in Pahadi region and16 VDCs are situated on region of Bhitri Madhes.
People and Culture:-
Majority of people living here are the Migrants from Hilly Areas who have arrived here in search of opportunities and better life. People from different ethnic groups like Brahmans, Chhetris, Tharus and Newars dwell here and thus it is a district of mixed culture. People here chiefly rely upon traditional occupations like agriculture and animal husbandry to support their livelihood. Nepali, Abadhi, Bhojpuri, Magar and Maithili are the languages spoken here.
The maximum temperature lies in between 20.5°C to 36°C while annual rainfall is recorded to be 2145mm in average.
Some Statistics (2001):-
Nawalparasi is extended in an area of 2162sq.km. where total562870people dwell in 98340 Houses with an Average HouseHold Size of 5.72. Total 278257Male and 284613female lives in Nawalparasi with population density of 260persons per sq.km.
Types of Houses:-
Out of 98340 Houses, 30734 Houses are Pakki29452Houses are semi- Pakki , 37877 Houses are Kachchi while277 are of other types. Similarly, 91002Houses are used for private purpose, 5209houses are rented, 1915 houses are institutional types of houses while129houses are rent- free and85houses fall under other category.
Fuel Consumption for cooking purpose:-
66092 Houses use wood, 7083Houses use Kerosene, 4894 Houses use LP Gas, 2183 Houses use Biogas while16992 Houses use Guitha( cow dung), 490 Houses use other types of fuel while 605 Houses are not stated in types of fuels they use for cooking purpose.
In terms of sanitation, 17693Houses are equipped with Modern Flush System of toilet, 12493Hoses have ordinary toilets while 67098 Houses have no toilets at all and1056 Houses are not stated.
20851 Houses have economic activities while 77489Houses are not involved in economic activities. Of the 20851 houses who are involved in economic activities, 1526houses are engaged in Manufacturing products,6452 Houses are busy with Trade,610Houses deal with Transport while 7186 Houses render their life in services and 5077Houses follow other activities to earn their livelihood.
Hinduism is the main religion here as the data shows: there are490999Hindu, 46029Buddhists, 21722Muslims, 27Kirats, 21 Jains, 3611Christians, 19Sikhs, 4 Bahais while438 people follow other religions.
Out of total 476439people who are six years and above of age,67164 Males and 128427 Females cannot read and write,12038 Males and13999Females can read only, 153823Males and98622Females can read and write while958Males and1409Females are not stated.
According to Survey done in 2008, there are636primary schools with 3136primary school teachers where114607students study at primary level. Likewise 38254students are taught by751lower secondary teachers at237lower secondary school.548secondary teachers teach to19152 secondary level students at 144secondary schools.
i) Triveni Dham of Susta VDC:
It is a holy site situated 34km South of Parasi in Susta VDC. It homes three rivers namely Pancha, Tamasha and Narayani. A great fare is organized each year in the month of Magh when this site is thronged with many Hindu devotees from far and wide.
ii) Daunne of Daunne Devi VDC:
It lies to the North- East of Dumkibas VDC at an altitude of 1023m. Chaite Dashain is of great importance to this temple when many devotees from far and wide pay a visit.
iii) Maula Kalika of Gaidakot VDC:
Maula Kalika Temple lies on the hill of Gaidakot VDC near to confluence of Narayani, Trishuli and Kali Gandaki Rivers which lies about 1000m North of East West highway. Footsteps totaling 1892 in number has been laid from the base of the hill which leads to the hilltop and finally to the temple premises. Idols of female deities like Kali (the punisher), Laxmi( the goddess of Wealth) and Saraswoti( the goddess of learning) and Shivalingam( an image of the phallus of Lord Shiva which is symbol of Creation) are placed in the premises.It is situated at an altitude of 561m above sea level.
iv) Gaidakot VDC:
History knows this village as the home of Rhinos. Thus the place was named as Gaida(rhino)kot(home). Gaidakot is famous for holding the temple of Maulakalika Temple. There are lots of industries established in this village. Bhrikuti Paper and Pulp factory was gifted by China to Nepal which is a paper manufacturing factory. It also homes the Cotton Industry. The famous place- Silanyas also lies in Gaidakot VDC. It was the very place from where the task of building East West Highway was officially started after King Mahendra laid the foundation brick as symbol of starting of the project. This VDC is extended over an area of 8200 Hector.
v) Gajendra Mokshya Dibya Dham:
It is a place lying in Tribeni of Nawalparasi district which is associated with a mythical story. It is the very place where Lord Vishnu is believed to have protected an elephant from the attack of ferocious crocodile in Narayani River. A festival is organized each year in the month of Magh in which many devotees throng to the place to celebrate.
vi) Devchuli Dada
vii) Ramgram Stupa: It is the holy site of Buddhists which is located nearly 5km South of Ramgram Municipality. Ramgram is often regarded as the Maternal home of Queen Mayadevi.
How to reach:-
Nawalparasi lies 190 km Southwest of Kathmandu in inner area of South Central Nepal. A bus is available from New Buspark or Kalanki Chowk of Kathmandu which takes around six hours of drive to reach to Parasi( the district headquarter of Nawalparasi).
Many big and small hotels are lined up along both the edges of the street of Parasi providing wide ranges of facilities.