In Tibetan dialect, the word ‘Mha’ means ‘Help’ while the term ‘Nang’ suggests ‘To give’. A popular story is associated with the naming of Manang.
Once two people Khorsani Ghale and Wanar Ghale crossed the Nar River and reached to a house in the Nar Village. The door was locked from inside and they could not open it. Thus they climbed up the roof and lowered down the rope to which a conch, bell, sword and shield were attached. The people living inside were terrified and the word ‘Mhanang’ came out of their mouth which meant ‘Don’t kill us, but give help to us.’ Thus the place was named Mhanang which later changed to Manang for convenience. Later whole district was named ‘Manang’ after the place ‘Manang’ which it encompassed.
The settlement in Manang is believed to have been established by Khursani Ghale and Wanar Ghale and they are believed to be the first King to rule Manang.
Originally Manang was extended upto Mustang in west, Suke Khola of Chame in East, Tibet in North and Annapurna and Lamjung Mountains in South. The palace which Ghale kings built is named ‘Khyujong’. The descendants of Ghale King used to live in Tachai Village earlier but they are currently settled in Ngawal, Ghyaru, Manang, Khangsar, Tanki Manang and Pisang Villlages.
Manang is a district lying in Gandaki Zone of Western Development Region with Chame as its District HeadQuarter. It is extended upto Kaski and Lamjung South, Myagdi and Mustang in West, Gorkha in East and Tibet in North. Thorung Pass which is 5415 meters above the sea level connects Manang to Mustang District. Manang is the trekking route to Mountain Annapurna.
There are 13 VDCs and 117 Wards in Manang. Houses with broad roof lie adjacent to each other. Topographically Manang is divided into 3 stratas.
1 Ghyalsamdo Samaaj: It includes the lowlands from Dharapani to thoche, Tachai, BagarChhap and Chame Villages.
2 Disyang Valley: Villages lying at upper regions like Khangsar, TankiManang, Vraka, Ngawal, Ghyaru and Pisang are collectively called as Disyang Valley. Syang is the Village of Upper Mustang. Thus Disyang means the people who migrated from Upper Mustang to Manang.
3 Nar and Fu: These Villages lies to the North. Fu is the farthest Village of Manang District and takes 2 days to reach from Chame. This village is made up of 37-38 Houses and is inhabited by Gurungs and Ghales. Fu has announced itself as the “Smoking and Wildlife Hunting Restricted Village”.
Nar is the Village lying at the height of 4175m above sea level. It is made up of 71 Houses.
1 Tilicho Lake: This lake lies at the height of 5200m. above the sea level making it the lake lying at the highest part of the world. One can reach to the lake after a day of walking from Khangsar.
2 Milerepa Cave
3 GangaPurna Lake
4 Lhasa can be reached from Manang after passing through Thorangla, Muktinath, and Mustang. Alternatively, one can pass from Manang to NaurKhola and NaurGaon to reach Lhasa which is rather bit long route.
5 varieties of species of flora and fauna
6 Culture Museum: A traditional house showing the way Mananges live
7 Humde Airport: It lies at an altitude of 3200mabove sea level.
Some Statistics according to the year 2001:-
Manang is extended in an area of 2246 sq.km. where total9587 people dwell in 1776Houses with an Average HouseHold Size of 5.4. Total 5034Male and 4553female lives in Manang. Buddhism is the main religion here as the data shows: there are 2430 Hindu, 7112 Buddhists, 2 Muslims, 1Kirat, 4Jains, 28Christians and 10people follow other religions.
According to Survey done in 2008, there are 32primary schools with 151primary school teachers where551 students study at primary level. Likewise 224students are taught by39 lower secondary teachers at13 lower secondary school.22 secondary teachers teach to 110 secondary level students at 4secondary schools.
People of Manang who are commonly called as Manange have established their image as the Best Traders of Nepal.
How To Reach:-
Buses and Micro Buses are easily available from Kalanki or New Buspark of Kathmandu to BesiSahar (The District HeadQuarter of Lamjung) which is 177km far from Kathmandu. One can take a jeep ride from BesiSahar of Lamjung to Syange – a distance covering 27 km of road. TaalGaon lies 5 hours of walking distance from Syange and one has to pass through Jagat and Chyamje on the way. Taalgaon which lies at the height of about 2000km above sea level can be taken as the starting point for trekking to Manang. District HeadQuarter of Manang- Chame can be reached from TaalGaon after walking for a whole day through Khotro, Dharapani, BagarChhap, Danakyu, Timang, Thanchok and Koto on the way.
Fooding and Lodging:-
There are 235 Big and Small Hotels to stay in Manang. The food price gets increased in accordance to the Altitude. Nepali Visitors can have Plain Rice (without Meat) for NRs80-100 in the region lying below Chame. The price of
same Plain Rice is NRs 100-150 in lands lying above Chame. The price is double for visitors other than Nepali.