The stone image of Ganesh located in the area is believed to have emerged out of water. So the idol was named Jal Binayak meaning the Ganesh which evolved out of water and the whole area got renowned with the same name. The temple is also popular as Koyena Ganesh among Newars.
According to the heresy, a pond is believed to exist under the huge stone image of Jal Binayak.
There exists four Ganesh in the Kathmandu Valley for its protection- namely Jal Binayak, Ashok Binayak, Rakta Binayak and SuryaBinayak. Jal Binayak is believed to be the eldest of all four Ganesh and needs to be worshipped first.
Historical Facts suggest the temple was built in 723 Nepal Sambat by King Shiva Singh Malla, Gold plated Gajur was added to the roof in 789 Nepal Sambat by King Sri Nivas Malla of Patan and Reconstructed in Pagoda Style in 871 Nepal Sambat by King Rajya Prakash Malla of Kathmandu in 871 Nepal Sambat.
The origin of Kathmandu Valley is believed to be closely associated with Chovar Gorge (the only outlet of water in Valley), Jal Binayak, Taudaha Lake and Karkotak Naag that reside in the pond and Basuki Naag that is believed to dwell near the Gorge.
Jal Binayak Area has taken its name from the temple of Jal Ganesh it incorporates and covers Jal Binayak Temple, Chobhar Hill and Chobhar gorge. The initiation for protection and promotion of JalBinayak Area has been undertaken by Jalbinayak Forest Community and Jal Binayak Area Development Centre while the internal Management of the Temple has been attributed to the Priest himself since Ancient Period.
The area lies in Ward no.14 of Kirtipur Municipality. It lies to the South- West of Kathmandu Valley at 4km distance from Balkhu and 7km far from Old Buspark.
1 Tuesday is taken to be the favorite day of Ganesh and the temple is bit more crowded with devotees in this day in comparison to other days.
2 Purnima( the full Moon Day) and Mangal Chauthi
3 Chovar Kartik Mela which occurs from Kojagrat Purnima to Kartik Purnima
4 In days of Mangsir Pratipada and Bhadra Pratipada, Newars from South- West of the Valley arrive here dressed in traditional Clothes with their Cultural Musical Instruments.
5 According to the ritual, once in each year, Newars from Na: Tole of Patan arrive here with a mask of Jal Binayak placed in the Palanquin and in midnight offer the sacrificial offering to the Gasnesh. Then the ritual gets complete when they return back along with the mask in Na: Tole in the morning of the next day.
In the year2006, the Maximum Temperature of the area was30ºc in April and Minimum Temperature was20 ºc in December with Annual Rainfall of 140mm.
1 Manjushree Park:
The park lies to the North of JalBinayak Temple. The Management Committee is thinking about promoting this park as a Film Studio in near future.
2 Manjushree Cave:
It is popular as Chakhuti Bakhuti aming Newars. The cave is 1250m long and can be explored with the assistance of Guide provided by the Management Committee.
3 ChampaDevi Hill
4 Living Museum of Newar Culture
5 More than One-fourth of the JalBinayak Area has been covered with forest where different species of plants are being continually planted. The forest is also the abode of different birds.
Future Plans :-
1 Promote Central part of Himal Cement Factory as a spot of Mountain Biking and Cycling Centre
2 Promote Central part of Himal Cement Factory as Mount Everest Observatory and Study Centre
3Fishing and Boating Spot
4 Nepal’s first Industrial Museum : Himal Cement Co. Ltd.
How to reach:-
JalBinayak can either be reached from Kathmandu or Lalitpur. Frequent Micro Buses and Buses are available from Old Buspark and Balkhu.
Where to Stay:-
Small to large Hotels and Lodges are available in JalBinayak.