There are four major legends associated with naming of Gorkha.
1 In Nepali,‘ Kharka’ means ‘Grass’. This land is believed to be a meadow in Ancient period. Thus it was named Kharka and later the term Kharka got distorted into Garkha and Garkhaa to reach to its present form- Gorkha.
2 In Sanskrit Scripture, ‘Gorakshaa’ means the protection of cow. Since it was a country where killing Cow was a very serious crime, the land was named Goraksha and in course of time the term Goraksha distorted into Gorkha.
3 Myth holds that a Saint named Gorakhnath appeared for the first in Nepal in Gorkha. There is still a cave with his paduka(feet) and idol of him in this place which supports the Myth. Thus since the city was established in the place where Sage Gorakhnath appeared, it was named ‘Gorkha’.
4 The term Gorkha is believed to be drived from the term- ‘Naagraaj’ meaning Khas king of Naag Dynasty. The term Naagraaj went through Naagarchaa, Garchaa and Gorcha to reach its present form- Gorkha.
Gorkha which lies in Gandaki Zone of Western Development Region is one of the 75 districts of Nepal which stretches upto 3610sq.km. of an area having Prithvi Narayan Municipality as its District HeadQuarter. It lies140km west of Kathmandu at an altitude of 1135 m. Gorkha is the Homeland of Legendary Nepali Warriors- Gurkhas. Amppipal, Aarupokhari, Bhirkot, Bunkot, Chhoprak, Dhuwakot, Gorakhkali, Kharibot and Manakamana are some of the major VDCs of Gorkha.
Total 288134 people live in 58923 households of Gorkha out of which 134407 are Male and 153727 are Female. Average Household Size being 4.89, population Density to be 79.8/sq.km.
People and Culture:-
Gorkha is home of multiple ethnicity. Nepali, Gurung and Magar are the chief languages spoken in this area.
1 Manakamana Temple
2 Gorakhnath Cave: It lies ten meters down from the southern side of Gorkha Palace which is visited with great devotion by Brahmans and Chhetris considering it to be the holy pilgrimage Site. Great fare is organized each year on the day of Baisakh Purnima(the full moon Day of Baisakh) in Gorakhnath Cave.
3 Gorakhkali Temple: This Temple is located at the west side of the Gorkha Palace.
4 Chepe, Daraudi, Marsyangdi and Budhi Gandaki rivers
5 Gorkha Palace : About 1700 steps leads you to the top of the hill at an altitude of 3281 ft. where Newar fashioned Gorkha Palace stands firm along with forts and temple boasting on its rich History. It is at 40-50 minutes of Walking Distance far from Gorkha Bazaar. One can view Manaslu(the 8th Highest Mountain of the World), Dhaulagiri and Ganesh Mountains from the Palace Complex.
6 popular for Trekking to Manaslu.
7 Ligligkot and Lakhan Thapa Gaon are popular places in Gorkha for Hiking.
1 Prithvi Jayanti: Prithvi Jayanti celebrates the auspicious birth of legendary King- Prithvi Narayan Shah who integrated several tiny states known as Baisi and Chaubisi Rajya( meaning 22 and 24 states) into one Unified Nepal. Though Nepal Government announces public holiday on this great occasion, the festival is chiefly celebrated in Gorkha Bazaar.
How to Reach:-
Gorkha is located midway between Kathmandu and Pokhara . Thus it can be reached from both the cities. It lies 140 km west of Kathmandu while 106km East of Pokhara and 25 km far from Abukhaereni. Buses are frequently available from either New Buspark or Kalanki of Kathmandu.
Where to Stay:-
There are many hotels, guest houses and restaurants available in Gorkha Bazaar.